Elliptic Structure And Parallelism

Written by admin on . Posted in English Corner

english_cornerKalimat elip adalah kalimat yang merupakan pemendekan dari dua kalimat atau lebih dengan cara menghilangkan beberapa bagian kalimat yang memiliki kesamaan arti asalnya. Kalimat elip digunakan untuk menghindari adanya pengulangan kata yang sama dalam suatu kalimat.

Cara Membentuk Kalimat Elip
Kalimat elip dapat dibentuk dengan cara, antara lain dengan menggunakan :
1. And … too; and so … (dan… juga; dan demikian juga…)
And … too; and so … digunakan untuk menggabungkan dua kalimat positif yang memiliki kesamaan. adapun cara membuat bentuk elip dengan memakai to be atau auxiliary verb (kata kerja bantu) sebagai berikut:
Example :
– Andi is playing badminton. Anton is playing badminton.
Andi is playing badminton and Anton is too.
Andi is playing badminton and so is Anton.
– He can speak English well. She can speak English well.
He can speak English well and she can too.
He can speak English well and so can she.
– They work very hard. She works very hard.
They work very hard and she does too.
They work very hard and so does she.

2. And neither … ; and … either (juga)
And neither … ; and … either , digunakan untuk menggabungkan dua kalimat negative.
Example :
– He isn’t studying English. She isn’t studying English.
He isn’t studying English and neither is she.
He isn’t studying English and she isn’t either.
– They won’t play football. We won’t play football.
They won’t play football and neither will we.
They won’t play football and we won’t either.
– He didn’t do the exercise. She didn’t do the exercise.
He didn’t do the exercise and neither did she.
He didn’t do the exercise and she didn’t either.

3. But (tetapi)
But digunakan untuk menggabungkan dua kalimat yang bertentangan.
Example :
– He isn’t studying English. She is studying English.
He isn’t studying English but she is.
– They can answer the question. We can’t answer the question.
They can answer the question but we can’t.
– I don’t see Amir. Harun doesn’t see Amir.
I don’t see Amir but Harun does.

4. Both . . .and (keduanya)

Example :
– He painted both the door and the window.
He painted the door. He painted the window.
– Both she and I saw the film.
She saw the film. I saw the film.

5. Either … or … (baik … ataupun … /salah satu)
Example:
– Either the boys or the girl looks very tired.
– Either the gir or the boys look very tired.

– Either she or we aren’t absent from the meeting.
– Either we or she isn’t absent from the meeting.

6. Neither … nor … (baik … maupun … tidak)
Neither … nor … hanya digunakan untuk kalimat negative.
Example :
– He isn’t a teacher . He isn’t a doctor.
He is neither a teacher nor a doctor.
– He doesn’t say rude things. They don’t say rude things.
Neither they nor he says rude things.

7. And (dan)
Example :
– I will write a letter . I will write a short story.
I will write a letter and a short story.

8. Or ( atau)
Example :
– Does he buy a black and white film or doe she buy a color film?
Does he buy a black and white or a color film?

9. Whether … or not (baik . . . atau tidak)
Example :
– I will give you the money although you need it or you don’t need it.
I will give you the money whether you need it or not.

Tags:

admin

Ahmad Fauzi - Administrator Website SMP Negeri 2 Brebes. Admin Web sing paling ganteng

Leave a comment