Talking about the future
In the movie on TV, the phone rings and the star says, “I’ll get it.” A little while later, he looks out the window and remarks , “it’s going to rain.”
Now in both situations the character is talking about future situation, but why does he use “will” for the first and “going to” for the second? Confusing, isn’t it? Read on and be confused no more!
When you are talking about the future, you can often use either “will” or “going to”
My brother will move to Medan next week.
My brother is going to move to Medan next week.
How will you get the money?
How are you going to get the money?
But actually there are a number of differences in the use of these expressions. What’s more, they’re not the only vebs used to show future tense. Here are some basic rules .
· Use “Will” when you talk about the future that is based on facts and strong probability.
I Will be 16 next year.
The weather will be bright and sunny tomorrow.
· When you make a promise, use “will”
Don’t worry, I’ll help you.
I’ll come by tomorrow to see how your parents are doing, OK?
· Use ‘will’ in conditional sentences
He will go to Bali if he gets a bonus.
If You agree, we will use your car
· Use “going to” when you talk about the future based on present facts or events
Look at those black clouds! It’s going to rain
You really messed up the car. Dad’s going to mad.
· When you are talking about your own intentions, use “going to”
I;m going to do some shopping.
I’m going to ask her to marry me.
· When you want to show someone else’s intentions or ask about someone else’s intentions, also use “going to”
Sam is going to look for a job.
Are you going to ask Barbara out?
SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE
· Use the simple present tense when you talk about the future based on a time table or calendar. Usually a time adverbial is added
The plane leaves at 8 AM tomorrow .
Next week Friday is my birthday.
PRESENT CONTINOUS TENSE
· When you talk about people’s plans for the future, use the present continous tense. Often a time adverbial is also added.
I’m leaving for the States tomorrow.
Jim’s getting married later this month.
WILL BE –ING
· When you talk about the future based on an arrangement, use “will be + —ing.”
The president will be visiting the museum in the afternoon.
They’ll be waiting for you at the airport to pick you up
He’s going to leave soon. (His intention)
He’s leaving for Honolulu next week. (his plan)
He’ll be leaving for Honolulu next week. (an arrangement)
WILL HAVE ( PAST PARTICIPLE)
· When you talk about something that will happen before a certain time in the future use “will have + past participle.”
Tomorrow at 8 AM, I will have arrived in Bombay.
By the end of the day, they will have done their home work