Passive Voice

Written by admin on . Posted in English Corner

englsih-cornerPola dasar kalimat pasif adalah : To be + verb3

Bentuk-bentuk to be yang mungkin digunakan adalah : am, is, are, was, were, be dan been. Perhatikanlah perubahan kalimat aktif menjadi pasif dalam variasi kalimat berikut ini:

  1. Present

    A : He cleans the room.

    P : The room is cleaned.

  2. Past

    A : He cleaned the room.

    P : The room was cleaned.

  3. Future

    A : He will clean the room.

    P : The room will be cleaned.

KALIMAT PASIF BENTUK PROGRESSIVE (CONNTIINOUS)

Formula : To be + being + verb 3

Example:

  1. Present

    A : He is cleaning the room.

    P : The room is being cleaned.

  2. Past

    A : He was cleaning the room.

    P : The room was being cleaned.

KALIMAT PASIF BENTUK PERFECT

Formula : has/have/had + been + verb 3

Example :

  1. Present

    A : He has cleaned in the room.

    P : The room has been cleaned.

  2. Past

    A : He had cleaned the room.

    P : The room had been cleaned.

  3. Future

    A : He will have cleaned the room.

    P : The room will have been cleaned.

KALIMAT PASIF YANG MENGGUNAKAN IMPERSONAL IT.

Impersonal it digunakan untuk membuat kalimat pasif dari kalimat aktif yang subjeknya adalah :

Example :

  1. A : People say that we have made much progress.

    P : It is said that we have made much progress.

  2. A : Everybody believed that there was no life in the moon.

    P : It was believed that there was no life in the moon.

BENTUK GERUND YANG MENGANDUNG ARTI PASIF

Gerund yang diletakkan setelah kata kerja : need, require, want, won’t/wouldn’t ,bear, can’t help/stand, be worth mengandung makna pasif.

Example :

  1. The garden needs watering = the garden needs to be watered
  2. My shoes want mending = My shoes want to be mended.
  3. The letter requires stamping = the letter requires to be stamped.

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